Cow's milk is produced by specifically bred dairy cows with each cow averaging 8,004 liters of milk per year. For a dairy cow to produce milk they must be female and impregnated.

Living Conditions

Dairy cows live in a broad variety of conditions from outdoor to intensive indoor farms

M D March

23%Other

Slaughter Age

Dairy cows are slaughtered when their milk production declines

UK Government

Females
Culled males
Veal males

Females

8 years

Culled males

1 hour

Veal males

6-8 months

Birth

Natural life expectancy

Slaughter Method

A majority of beef and dairy cows are slaughtered with a bolt gun

UK Government

Legality in United Kingdom

Prevalence in British farming

Artificial Insemination

Legality in United Kingdom

Legal

UK Government

Prevalence in British farming

Unknown

Repeated Pregnancy Cycles

Legality in United Kingdom

Unknown

Prevalence in British farming

Unknown

Male Calf Culling

Legality in United Kingdom

Legal

Prevalence in British farming

65,000 calves per year

Mother and Calf Separation

Legality in United Kingdom

Unknown

Prevalence in British farming

Unknown

Isolation Pens

Legality in United Kingdom

Unknown

Prevalence in British farming

Unknown

Milk Replacer Fluid

Legality in United Kingdom

Unknown

Prevalence in British farming

Unknown

Horn Mutilations

Legality in United Kingdom

Unknown

Prevalence in British farming

Unknown

Ear Mutilations

Legality in United Kingdom

Legal

UK Government

Prevalence in British farming

Unknown

Skin Mutilations

Legality in United Kingdom

Legal

UK Government

Prevalence in British farming

Unknown

Increased Milk Production

Legality in United Kingdom

Unknown

Prevalence in British farming

Unknown

Mastitis

Legality in United Kingdom

Unknown

Prevalence in British farming

Unknown

Lameness

Legality in United Kingdom

Unknown

Prevalence in British farming

Unknown

Early Death

Legality in United Kingdom

Unknown

Prevalence in British farming

Unknown

Other Industries

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